Exactly what This Anti-Trafficking Expert Says is the Key to Ending Sex Trafficking
When we hear the term “human trafficking” we often think of movement: a young woman kidnapped, smuggled across borders, and compelled into sexual slavery. This really is one sex trafficking scenario, but it is a myth that this is the only way or use the most common way.
Sex trafficking is a domestic problem too. It can take place anywhere, and it does.
In the commercial sex sector, the difference between prostitution plus sex trafficking is a selection of factors, but namely consent. In the United States, the Trafficking Sufferers Protection Act (TVPA) defines sex trafficking as a situation in which “a commercial sex act is induced simply by force, fraud, or coercion, or in which the person induced to perform such act have not attained 18 years of age. ”
Related: Ca Man Reportedly Made $21 Million Operating Sex Trafficking Sites That Included Underage Victims
It was sex trafficking when women were lured by GirlsDoPorn under the guise of the modeling job but really forced to perform in porn. It is sex trafficking any time a teenager is sold online simply by her new “boyfriend” just for live performances. It is sex trafficking when an already-established porn performer is coerced straight into doing sex acts on camera they don’t need to do. These are just a couple of the many examples and scenarios beyond the Hollywood plotline we visualize.
Just as much because there are misconceptions about how sex trafficking happens, there exists a long-standing myth that we can not fix the problem. This is an assumption one particular researcher, Dr . Michael Shively, Senior Advisor on Analysis and Data Analysis in the U. S. based Nationwide Center on Sexual Exploitation (NCOSE), refuses to accept.
We recently spoke along with Dr . Shively to myth-bust persisting ideas about trafficking and to better understand how we can stop the demand.
Economics 101: supply plus demand
As the saying goes, prostitution is one of the “ oldest professions. ” It has stood long use, implying that commercialized sex is inevitable, but the issue with the status quo is, as Doctor Shively said, “Anywhere there is certainly commercial sex, there is trafficking. ”
This is not to say that all commercial intercourse involves trafficking 100% of the time, but that where sex is sold, coercion follows.
Commercial sex is a market, and basic economic principles tell us that where there is demand, supply will follow. In other words, because people are willing to buy sex, traffickers see an opportunity to make money and supply victims—women, girls, boys, and also men—for a price.
Related: These Real Samples of Sex Trafficking And Exploitation In Porn Blend In With What’s Mainstream
“Sex traffickers are usually motivated by one thing, ” Dr . Shively said. “They are trying to make money. It’s a market, a business, and the commodity is definitely people. You only generate the particular supply—the people—if there is demand, and without demand, there is no inspiration whatsoever to come up with that supply. ”
These days, a lot of the efforts to battle sex trafficking focus on rescuing victims and bringing traffickers to justice. This is important function that needs to continue. These attempts suppress trafficking, but regrettably, only temporarily. Another trafficker will come along and fill that space because there is still money to be made and buyers are willing to pay. According to Shively, these is the key to fighting need.
“For the vast majority of human history, the thing that continues to be ignored or underemphasized a lot more than any other aspect is the purchasers, ” he said.
Simply no buyers, no business
While sex traffickers are predominately motivated by money, buyer motivations are all over the map. There are lots of reasons men, the most main buyers, give when selected about why they purchased sex which can be grouped straight into common threads
Some wish they were within a relationship; others are the opposite and don’t want a relationship in any way, just sex. Some are usually thrill-seeking, others have particular interests, fetishes or need the experience of having sex based on a types of people.
Related: Watch The Moment This particular Taxi Driver Saved A lady From Sex Trafficking (Video)
A substantial portion of sex buyers are usually men who may not be especially sensitive or aware of the outcomes of their actions. They are looking to get a need met , nor intend to cause harm, while also believing the women they may be buying sex from are usually in the industry voluntarily.
In recent years, there have been more efforts to educate buyers and influence their behaviors away from buying sex.
One example is the First Offender Prostitution Program implemented in Bay area. It was a one-day education program, sometimes colloquially known as a “john school, ” just for first time arrested sex buyers who had the option to pay to attend the program or be prosecuted. In 2008, Shively conducted a study looking at the potency of the program. He and his research team analyzed the prices of recidivism throughout the whole state of California by looking for a second arrest just for sex buying in the 10 years before the education program plus ten years after.
Shively didn’t expect this program to create lasting change. It is hard to change behaviors to begin with, and buyers express different motivations, so how could one particular program with a general message about the realities of commercial intercourse and trafficking make a difference? Whenever Shively saw the amounts, he was shocked.
Associated: Why Do a couple of People Fight Against Sex Trafficking But Unconditionally Support Porn?
The final results revealed the regular rearrest rate was 8. 8%, yet that rate dropped in order to 4. 5% the year the education program began, and it remained low. In other words, reoffending rates dropped by 40%. This program seemed to be successful in transforming buyer behaviors.
“We have been taught to call it the oldest occupation, to think of it as something natural. Sex is absolutely organic, but we aren’t referring to that. We are talking about switching sex into commerce, ” Dr . Shively said. “We don’t turn everything straight into commerce because we know bad things happen when you do. We don’t allow adoption to turn into a business where you can buy a kid. We don’t allow kidneys to become a commodity because we know it sets up profit motivations that are going to make bad elements happen. When you commodify intercourse, you commodify access to ladies, girls, and also boys. ”
Battling sex trafficking needs a multi-faceted solution. Shively said we have to continue to rescue victims plus hold traffickers accountable, yet we cannot ignore the buyers and cultural influences that will encourage trafficking.
Pornified culture and the links to sex trafficking
The sale of sex is not really inevitable, nor is it necessary to give food to the sexual needs of buyers. Instead, it can be viewed as a product of a culture that encourages entitlement to another person’s body for pleasure.
If that been there as well, it is because this is one of the text messages porn sells. Porn shows women, especially, as offered and always eager to participate in sex. There is a distinct lack of consent. Instead, videos usually show women acting like they enjoy rough or even violent counters, extreme acts, and even domination.
Related: How To Identify Intercourse Trafficking Victims And Stop Adding to Sexual Exploitation
A person with great intentions can view porno and come away assuming that those acts are points people want to do constantly, with no checking in or requesting consent first. Consumers may begin to feel that they are right to want the things they have seen in porn because porn is really a common (but deeply flawed) sex educator.
“The evidence is really coming fast and furious today, ” Dr . Shively mentioned. “Anyone with a gut feeling, moral code, or something that would make them suspicious of pornography, well, you can demonstrate it now. It’s absolutely becoming a public health problem. Addictions are being created. Young and child brains are now being rewired because of the content that is so accessible. ”
Not everyone who have consumes porn will think it’s okay to buy intercourse. Yet we cannot disregard the research that shows porno consumption to be an increasing behavior and the stories of men who decided porn wasn’t enough and considered purchase sex in reality to satisfy a fantasy.
Related: Meet The Researchers Creating Apps To Educate People About Sex Trafficking
Almost no issue will get reduced to zero even with constant advocacy work, but it is still worth the effort, correct?
Homicides continue to be committed, and yet our community fights against that actions. Cures for a variety of illnesses still elude doctors, but they continue to search for solutions. Exactly the same should be true for sexual intercourse trafficking: it takes effort upon all sides to make a difference. We can rescue victims, bring justice to traffickers, hold buyers to account, and lastly, reject porn with its text messages of sexual entitlement that will fuel the demand meant for exploitation.
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